Flicker of A Neutron Star Merger in Infrared Light
Ssc2017 14a2

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Observation • October 16th, 2017 • ssc2017-14a2

ssc2017-14a2

NASAs Spitzer Space Telescope has provisionally detected the faint afterglow of the explosive merger of two neutron stars in the galaxy NGC 4993. The event, labeled GW170817, was initially detected nearly simultaneously in gravitational waves and gamma rays, but subsequent observations by many dozens of telescopes have monitored its afterglow across the entire spectrum of light. Spitzers observation on September 29th comes late in the game, just over 6 weeks after the event was first seen, but if this weak detection is verified, it will play an important role in helping astronomers understand how many of the heaviest elements in the periodic table are created in explosive neutron star mergers.

This image shows the residual 4.5 micron data from Spitzer's IRAC instrument after subtracting out the light of the galaxy using an archival image that predates the event. The faint dot framed by the markers may be one of the last detections made in infrared light of this event.

About the Object

Name
NGC 4993
Type
Galaxy > Type > Lenticular
Distance
130,000,000 Light Years
Redshift
0.009727

Color Mapping

Band Wavelength Telescope
Infrared 4.5 ┬Ám Spitzer IRAC

Astrometrics

Position ()
RA =13h 9m 48.0s
Dec = -23° 22' 58.4"
Field of View
3.1 x 3.1 arcminutes
Orientation
North is up