Fearsome Foursome: A Huge Galactic Merger
Ssc2007 13b

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/K. Rines (Harvard-Smithsonian CfA)

Observation • August 6th, 2007 • ssc2007-13b


One of the biggest galaxy collisions ever observed is taking place at the center of this image. The four yellow blobs in the middle are large galaxies that have begun to tangle and ultimately merge into a single gargantuan galaxy. The yellowish cloud around the colliding galaxies contains billions of stars tossed out during the messy encounter. Other galaxies and stars appear in yellow and orange hues.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope spotted the four-way collision, or merger, in a giant cluster of galaxies, called CL0958+4702, located nearly five billion light-years away. The dots in the picture are a combination of galaxies in the cluster; background galaxies located behind the cluster; and foreground stars in our own Milky Way galaxy.

Infrared data from Spitzer are colored red in this picture, while visible-light data from a telescope known as WIYN are green. Areas where green and red overlap appear orange or yellow. Since most galaxies in the cluster contain old stars that are visible to Spitzer and WIYN, those galaxies appear orange.

The WIYN telescope, located near Tucson, Ariz., is owned and operated by the WIYN Consortium, which consists of the University of Wisconsin, Indiana University, Yale University, and the National Optical Astronomy Observatory.

About the Object

Galaxy > Type > Interacting
Galaxy > Size > Giant
5,000,000,000 Light Years

Color Mapping

Band Wavelength Telescope
Infrared 3.6 ┬Ám Spitzer IRAC
Optical 440 nm WIYN OPTIC


Position ()
RA =9h 58m 23.8s
Dec = 47° 1' 55.6"
Field of View
3.2 x 3.2 arcminutes
North is 0.1° right of vertical