Spitzer/MIPS View of the Trifid Nebula
Ssc2005 02a4

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/J. Rho (SSC/Caltech)

Observation • January 12th, 2005 • ssc2005-02a4


The glowing Trifid Nebula is revealed with a mid-infrared view from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope. The Trifid Nebula is a giant star-forming cloud of gas and dust located 5,400 light-years away in the constellation Sagittarius.

The pseudo-color Spitzer image reveals a different side of the Trifid Nebula. Where dark lanes of dust are visible trisecting the nebula in a visible-light picture, bright regions of star-forming activity are seen in the Spitzer picture. All together, Spitzer uncovered 30 massive embryonic stars and 120 smaller newborn stars throughout the Trifid Nebula, in both its dark lanes and luminous clouds.

Ten of the 30 massive embryos discovered by Spitzer were found in four dark cores, or stellar "incubators," where stars are born. Astronomers using data from the Institute of Radioastronomy millimeter telescope in Spain had previously identified these cores but thought they were not quite ripe for stars. Spitzer's highly sensitive infrared eyes were able to penetrate all four cores to reveal rapidly growing embryos.

This Spitzer image from the multiband imaging photometer (MIPS) specializes in detecting cool materials. Its view highlights the relatively cool core material falling onto the Trifid's growing embryos. The embryos are thought to have been triggered by a massive "type O" star, which can be seen as a white spot at the center of the nebula. Type O stars are the most massive stars, ending their brief lives in explosive supernovas. The small newborn stars probably arose at the same time as the O star, and from the same original cloud of gas and dust.

This Spitzer multiband imaging photometer image shows 24-micron emissions in red.

About the Object

Trifid NebulaMessier 20M20
Nebula > Type > Star Formation
5,400 Light Years

Color Mapping

Band Wavelength Telescope
Infrared 24.0 ┬Ám Spitzer MIPS


Position (J2000)
RA =18h 2m 28.5s
Dec = -22° 58' 0.1"
Field of View
17.3 x 28.3 arcminutes
North is 2.0° left of vertical