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Distant Galaxy Clusters
Sig06 015a

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/ M. Brodwin (JPL)

Observation • June 5th, 2006 • sig06-015a


Astronomers have discovered nearly 300 galaxy clusters and groups, including almost 100 located 8 to 10 billion light-years away, using the space-based Spitzer Space Telescope and the ground-based Mayall 4-meter telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory in Tucson, Ariz. The new sample represents a six-fold increase in the number of known galaxy clusters and groups at such extreme distances, and will allow astronomers to systematically study massive galaxies two-thirds of the way back to the Big Bang.

A mosaic portraying a bird's eye view of the field in which the distant clusters were found is shown in this image. It spans a region of sky 40 times larger than that covered by the full moon as seen from Earth. Thousands of individual images from Spitzer's infrared array camera instrument were stitched together to create this mosaic. The distant clusters are marked with orange dots.

This picture is a composite, combining ground-based optical images captured by the Mosaic-I camera on the Mayall 4-meter telescope at Kitt Peak, with infrared pictures taken by Spitzer's infrared array camera. Blue and green represent visible light at wavelengths of 0.4 microns and 0.8 microns, respectively, while red indicates infrared light at 4.5 microns.

Kitt Peak National Observatory is part of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory in Tuscon, Ariz.

About the Object

Distant Galaxy Clusters
Galaxy > Grouping > Cluster

Color Mapping

Band Wavelength Telescope
Optical 800 nm KPNO 4m Mosaic-1


Position (J2000)
RA =14h 32m 5.0s
Dec = 34° 16' 48.0"
Field of View
0.0 x 0.0 arcminutes
North is up