About the Image
- NASA/ESA/STScI/W. Zheng (JHU), and the CLASH team
About the Object
- MACS J1149+2223
- Cosmology > Morphology > Deep Field
- Cosmology > Phenomenon > Lensing
- 5,300,000,000 Light Years
|Infrared||105 nm||Hubble WFC3|
|Infrared||110 nm||Hubble WFC3|
|Infrared||125 nm||Hubble WFC3|
|Infrared||140 nm||Hubble WFC3|
|Infrared||160 nm||Hubble WFC3|
|Optical||435 nm||Hubble ACS|
|Optical||475 nm||Hubble ACS|
|Optical||555 nm||Hubble ACS|
|Optical||606 nm||Hubble ACS|
|Optical||625 nm||Hubble ACS|
|Optical||775 nm||Hubble ACS|
|Optical||814 nm||Hubble ACS|
|Optical||850 nm||Hubble ACS|
- Position (J2000)
- RA = 11h 49m 34.7s
- Dec = 22° 24' 4.8"
- Field of View
- 2.6 x 2.5 arcminutes
- North is 12.8° left of vertical
Galaxy Cluster and Gravitational Lens MACS J1149+2223
With the combined power of NASA's Spitzer and Hubble space telescopes, as well as a cosmic magnification effect, astronomers have spotted what could be the most distant galaxy ever seen. Light from the primordial galaxy traveled approximately 13.2 billion light-years before reaching NASA's telescopes, shining forth from the so-called cosmic dark ages when the universe was just 3.6 percent of its present age.
Astronomers relied on gravitational lensing to catch sight of the early, distant galaxy. In this phenomenon, predicted by Albert Einstein a century ago, the gravity of foreground objects warps and magnifies the light from background objects.
In this image, the many galaxies of a massive cluster called MACS J1149+2223 dominate the scene. Gravitational lensing by the giant cluster brightened the light from the newfound galaxy, known as MACS 1149-JD, some 15 times (though it is not readily apparent in this view).
News Release NASA Telescopes Spy Ultra-Distant Galaxy ssc2012-12
Image A Glimmer from a Dark Cosmic Era ssc2012-12a
Image Galaxy Cluster and Gravitational Lens MACS J1149+2223 ssc2012-12a1
Image Through a Lens, Distantly ssc2012-12a2
Image The Distant Galaxy MACS 1149-JD ssc2012-12a3
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A Giant Gathering of Galaxies
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What Feeds the Beast in a Galaxy Cluster? (annotated)
Twelve Years of Spitzer Images